HEADACHE AND FACIAL PAIN

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About 21% of the adult population develops headache in any 2-week period.

CAUSES OF HEADACHE (Hyperlinks provide more detail).

  1. Vascular (Migraine, Cluster,   arteritis, vascular malformations)
  2. Musculoskeletal (tension, cervical, Chiari malformation, TMJ)
  3. Infectious (sinus, osteomyelitis, dental, encephalitis or meningitis)
  4. Neoplastic
  5. Post-trauma
  6. Neuralgias
  7. Psychogenic

MISCELLANEOUS MINOR CAUSES OF HEADACHES

HEADACHE: HISTORY

HEADACHE: EXAMINATION

Examination is usually normal unless having a headache.

LABORATORY TESTS FOR HEADACHE

Guidelines for scans. MRI single most useful test. CT acceptable if index of suspicion is low. PET no indication.

HEADACHE REFERENCES

(C) Timothy C. Hain, MD